On page optimization refers to all measures taken by SEOs within the website to improve the ranking of a site in search engine result pages. These measures are related to content and HTML source code of a page, e.g. meta tags, keyword placement and keyword density, etc.
Everyone wants to have their site on the top ranking of the google. In the process of making this, we will try to make the website such that it will easily crawlable & readable by search engine bots.
That basically the on-page SEO all about.
As we all know the SEO can be divided into two categories
- On Page
- Off Page
We will talk about the on-page factors
What is on page SEO..
In Simple Terms. On page SEO is the all the things we do on our website which help boost ranking.
According to different expert, there are numbers of factors can be included as On page SEO.
I have included the most important On page Factors which is must have for all.
1 Meta Tags
Meta tags are the words that are hidden in your code. People browsing your site will just not see them.
The search engines still read them for it to have a simple, summarized idea of what your site is about and what exactly your keywords are?
Meta tags are located inside your HTML’s head area.
Meta tags contains four most important parts.
- Meta Title
- Meta Description
- Meta Keywords
- Meta Robots
Let’s Look at each in Details.
1 Meta Title:
This is the text you’ll see at the top of your browser. Search engines view this text as the “title” of your page
Character limit 60 for Desktop & 55 For Mobile. Keywords Present in the tags will be useful for the SEO
2. Meta Description
The meta description tag is where you would want to put your site’s summary. This is where you put what your site is all about and what you are offering people
Google has also stated that keywords in meta descriptions won’t affect your rankings. But good description will definitely help in Increasing CTR (Click Through Rate)
Google recently increase the characters limit for Meta Description. Now Google is Showing up-to 300 Character.
3 Meta Keywords
The meta keywords tag is where you put all the keywords you use in your site Google has cleared it will not consider meta keywords as their ranking factor.
Still we can use it for other search engine like Bing, Yahoo, Baidu.
4. Meta Robots
With these tags, you’re telling the search engines what to do with your pages.
Index/Noindex — This tells the engines whether to show your page in search results or not.
Follow/nofollow — This tells the engines what to do with links on your pages. Whether they should trust and “follow” your links to the next page or not.
It’s not hard to implement the meta tags on your site. It will definitely help in ranking if implemented properly. You don’t need a programmer, just some experience with HTML.
As the name Suggest, it is tags that are used for the creations of headings. Heading tags are from H1 to H6. Heading tags can Be found in the body.
Heading tag H1 is the most important header in Google’s eyes and forms the title of the page.
Identifying the title with an H1 tag will help Google quickly know what the content is about.
Only One H1 Tag should be used per page. It should contain the main keyword which we are targeting.
There is no ideal content length for SEO. It totally depends on your niche and competition.
But many studies prove the more the content length more the chances to increase the ranking. There have been several studies performed that prove this to be true.
Take for instance one study that analyzed articles to determine the correlation between social shares and content length.
Here’s what they found.
According to their findings, “3,000–10,000-word content gets the most shares.”
Another study from SerpIQ concurred.
However, their findings were a bit different and found that just over 2,450 words were the sweet spot.
In September of 2016, Backlinko released their own research that found that the ideal word count had dropped a little bit, and “the average word count of a Google first page result was 1,890 words.”
Although the ideal word count of each of these three studies varies, it’s still obvious that long form is best.
URL should Contain the keywords. Length of the URL should not be more than 90 Characters. URL also help in Increasing CTR as it is the First things Bots and Humans can see.
Many Reports Shows Short URL tends to work best.
It is the Percent of times a keyword or phrase appears compared to the total number of words on the page.
Keyword Density should be between 2–3% to avoid spamming.
It is the distance between the search terms individual keywords.
Example: If the Keyword is “Search Engine Ranking”
Line 1 “How keyword density affects Search Engine Ranking.”
Line 2 “How keyword density affects the Ranking in the Search Engine.”
So from above example Line 1 has good Keywords Proximity.
Presence of the keywords at the start of the content. If the keywords present in the first 200 words it will be beneficial for the SEO.
Google cannot read images. So we need to add the Alt Tags(Alternate tags) for every image.
This will help the search engine to understand the image and relevancy with the content.
Readability of the content
Content Should be readable for user. Too much technical term will bounce the users. Different Tools are available to check the Readability of the content. Tools given different grade. It should be maintained around 8–10.
Bold and Italic
Smart use of the Bold and Italic will help in SEO. We can target secondary keywords important points using Bold and Italic.
Text to HTML Ratio
As we know in SEO world Content is king. So More Text should be Present in the page.
So we need to check the text to coding ratio. It should not be less than 15–20%. More the ratio it better your SEO.
Internal link is the link which goes from one page to another page of the same domain. There are several benefits of internal Linking.
Some of them are
- User Engagement will increase.
- The user can discover new topics on your site.
- If wisely use it Helps in ranking on google.
- Lower Bounce Rate.
- Passes Link Juice within your site.
- Increase the Crawlability.
So internal linking must be used, and it is one of the most important on page SEO factor.
This factor should have high importance without saying. If you are browsing and page do not load fast you will not wait you will close or move to next site.
So site speed should be less than 3 Sec.